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Thursday, December 1, 2011

Merits of Islam in the Relationship Between Men &Women

1- Islam encourages marriage to prevent committing adultery, and considers marriage to be one of the ways of the Messengers;
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “O young people, whoever among you can afford to get married, let him do so, for it helps one to lower the gaze and protect the private parts (i.e., remain chaste). Whoever cannot afford it, let him fast, for it is a protection for him.”

2- If a man wants to get married but is unable to spend on a wife, then he should adhere to the words of Allah.
24:33 “And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allâh enriches them of His Bounty”

3- Islam urges people to get married, and prohibits celibacy and castration. It is forbidden to forego getting married even if the intention is to devote oneself to worship. “There is no monasticism in Islam.” because they are against his nature, and against having children.

4- Islam forbids adultery for the sake of reserving lineages, and to prevent unlawful pregnancies and social problems.
17: 32. And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a Fâhishah [i.e. anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allâh forgives him).

5- Islam forbids accusing others of adultery and considers it a great sin. 24: 15. When you were propagating it with your tongues, and uttering with your mouths that whereof you had no knowledge, you counted it a little thing, while with Allâh it was very great.

6- Islam prohibits a man to be alone with a woman who is not a relative he can't marry, because that causes temptation to do immoral and evil actions.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “No man is alone with a (non-mahram) woman but the Satan is the third one present.”

7- Islam forbids unlawful sexual relationships and marrying a woman not chaste.
5: 5. Made lawful to you this day are At­Tayyibât [all kinds of Halâl (lawful) foods, which Allâh has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, etc., milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.). The food (slaughtered cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them. (Lawful to you in marriage) are chaste women from the believers and chaste women from those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) before your time.



Merits of Islam Regarding the Welfare of a Child Before and After his Birth

1- Choosing a good spouse is one of the child's rights before he is born. A woman must choose a husband known for being religious and enjoying good manners.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “If there comes to you one whose religious commitment and attitude pleases you, then marry [your female relative who is under your care] to him, for if you do not do that, there will be tribulation on earth and much corruption.”
Also a man must choose a wife known for being religious and well mannered.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “This world is temporary pleasures and the best of the temporary pleasures of this world is a righteous wife.”

2- Parents are obliged to take all means and precautions which protect the child from Satan's mischief.
When a man has intercourse with his wife, he should say: (In the name of Allah, O Allah Keep us away from the Shaytaan(Satan), and keep the Shaytaan away from what You bestow on us (our children)).” The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: If Allah decrees that they should have a child, the Shaytaan; will never harm him.”

3- A mother must take good care of her health during pregnancy to guarantee her child good health, by eating nutritious food, and taking vitamin supplements, she must also be under medical supervision and not expose herself to anything which might endanger the baby's safety.

4- Islam permits the pregnant woman not to fast during the holy month of Ramadhan to ensure her baby's health, she must make up for those days later.
2:184. [Observing Saum (fasts)] for a fixed number of days, but if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days. And as for those who can fast with difficulty, (e.g. an old man, etc.), they have (a choice either to fast or) to feed a Miskîn (poor person) (for every day). But whoever does good of his own accord, it is better for him. And that you fast, it is better for you if only you know.

5- Islam postpones carrying out the penalty of adultery until after the baby is born and weaned.

6- Islam gives the fetus its legal share of the inheritance. The family waits until he is born to know if he is male or female, if he is one baby or more.

7- One of the rights is reciting through the newborn baby's ear the words of calling for the prayer, they includes the Word of Divine Unity, which is the testimony a person who embraces Islam has to say, and the last words a dying Muslim says, this makes a person start and end his life as a Muslim.

8- Tahnik; rubbing the newborn's gums with a finger covered with chewed or mashed dates or any sweet is a tradition of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
Narrated Abu Musa: A son was born to me and I took him to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who named him Ibrahim, did Tahnik for him with a date, invoked Allah to bless him and returned him to me. (The narrator added: That was Abu Musa's eldest son.)

9- Islam demands that one of the baby's rights is nursing from his mother for two years, because natural feeding is of great physical and moral benefits to the baby. Islam lays on the father the responsibility of providing for the mother during that time even if they were divorced.
2: 233. The mothers shall give suck to their children for two whole years, (that is) for those (parents) who desire to complete the term of suckling, but the father of the child shall bear the cost of the mother's food and clothing on a reasonable basis. No person shall have a burden laid on him greater than he can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child, nor father on account of his child. And on the (father's) heir is incumbent the like of that (which was incumbent on the father). If they both decide on weaning, by mutual consent, and after due consultation, there is no sin on them. And if you decide on a foster suckling-mother for your children, there is no sin on you, provided you pay (the mother) what you agreed (to give her) on reasonable basis. And fear Allâh and know that Allâh is All-Seer of what you do.

10- Islam forbids a wife from concealing her pregnancy from her husband in case of divorce, this is to ensure the lineage and inheritance rights of the baby.
2: 228. And divorced women shall wait (as regards their marriage) for three menstrual periods, and it is not lawful for them to conceal what Allâh has created in their wombs, if they believe in Allâh and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period, if they wish for reconciliation. And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

11- Islam forbids adopting children in the sense of omitting the name of the biological father and replacing it with the adopted father's name, this is to guard the lineage and the rights of inheritance, and to avoid marriage problems in the future.
33: 5. Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just with Allâh. But if you know not their father's (names, call them) your brothers in faith and Mawâlîkum (your freed slaves). And there is no sin on you if you make a mistake therein, except in regard to what your hearts deliberately intend. And Allâh is Ever Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "Whoever calls himself by other than his father’s name (or attributes himself to someone other than his father), will be cursed by Allah, the angels and all the people)

12- Giving the baby a nice name is among his rights, since it has psychological and social affects on him in the future, also everyone will be called by his name along with his father's name on the Day of Judgment, so it better be good name.
It was narrated from Naafi’ that Ibn ‘Umar said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The most beloved of your names to Allah are ‘Abd-Allah and ‘Abd al-Rahmaan.”  

13- Slaughtering two sheep for a newborn baby boy and one sheep for a girl is a tradition.
It was mentioned in a hadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him): “Every child is in pledge for his ‘aqeeqah.”

14- It is favorable to shave off the newborn's hair on the seventh day and give the weight of the hair in silver as charity which is a way of helping the poor and social cooperation. 
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) slaughtered a sheep as the ‘aqeeqah for al-Hasan, and he said, “O Faatimah, shave his head and give the weight of his hair in silver in charity.” So she weighed it and its weight was a dirham or part of a dirham. 

15- A male newborn must be circumcised for health reasons.
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The fitrah is five things, or five things are part of the fitrah: circumcision, shaving the pubic hairs, plucking the armpit hairs, clipping the nails and trimming the moustache.”

16- The child’s rights with regard to education and upbringing:
Parents must take care of teaching their children the duties of Islam, and worldly matters. They should instill in them the attributes of a good man, such as love of sacrifice, putting others first, helping others, chivalry and generosity. They should keep them away from evil characteristics such as cowardice, stinginess, lack of chivalry, lack of ambition, etc. 
31:17. "O my son! Aqim­is­Salât (perform As­Salât), enjoin (people) for Al­Ma'rûf (Islâmic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al­Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befall you. Verily! These are some of the important commandments ordered by Allâh with no exemption.18. "And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence through the earth. Verily, Allâh likes not each arrogant boaster.19. "And be moderate (or show no insolence) in your walking, and lower your voice. Verily, the harshest of all voices is the voice (braying) of the ass."
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Teach the child to pray when he is seven years old, and smack him if he does not pray when he is ten.”
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Each of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock. The ruler who is in charge of people is a shepherd and is responsible for them. The man is the shepherd of his household and is responsible for them. The woman is the shepherd of her husband’s house and child and is responsible for them. The slave is the shepherd of his master’s wealth and is responsible for it. Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock.” 

17- Parents must treat all their children in the same manner, they should not prefer one child to the others, because it will lead to the evil consequence of the children hating one another, and stoking the flames of hatred and enmity between them.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said to the father of al-Nu’maan,“Would you like them to honor you equally?” He said, “Yes.” In other words, if you want them all to honor you equally, then be fair in giving gifts to them. 

18- If it so happens that the parents separate, then the mother has a greater right to custody than the father, unless there is reason not to give priority to the mother, or an option of giving the child the choice in the matter. The reason why the mother is given priority is that she is the primary caregiver and is the one who breastfeeds the child; she is also better able to care for the child and take care of him. She has more patience than a man in this regard, and has more time than he does, so the mother is given priority in the best interests of the child.
It was reported from ‘Abd-Allah ibn ‘Umar that a woman said, “O Messenger of Allah, my womb was a container for this son of mine and my lap was a haven for him, and he drank from my breast, but his father is claiming that he should take him from me.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “You have more right to him (to custody of him) so long as you do not remarry.”

19- Abortion and killing children is a great sin, which expose the doer to punishment in Hell-Fire. However, the case is studied if the mother's life is in jeopardy.
17:31. And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin.
60: 12. O Prophet! When believing women come to you to give you the Bai'â (pledge), that they will not associate anything in worship with Allâh, that they will not steal, that they will not commit illegal sexual intercourse, that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood (i.e. by making illegal children belonging to their husbands), and that they will not disobey you in any Ma'rûf (Islâmic Monotheism and all that which Islâm ordains) then accept their Bai'â (pledge), and ask Allâh to forgive them, Verily, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.




Merits of Islam in the Impact on People

1- The law in Islam, enunciates the rights of mankind without distinction of race and color. No branch of Islamic law is based on the expediencies and objects of any particular territory and particular race. The proof of this is that whenever any problem presents itself in the world, whether it be about the agreement and treaty with any nation, or about war and whether it be about the internal administration or foreign policy' of the country, a commandment relating to it will certainly be found in Islamic law.

2- Good deeds, which a person does wipe away the sins of his bad deeds, which encourage people to do good.
29: 7. Those who believe [in the Oneness of Allâh (Monotheism) and in Messenger Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and do not apostate because of the harm they receive from the polytheists], and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall remit from them their evil deeds and shall reward them according to the best of that which they used to do.
11: 114. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice).

3- Islamic rituals benefit the individual who does them:
Praying keeps the Muslim in a spirit of humiliation and concentration, he will feel tranquil and secure. For this reason, the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to say: "Let us find relaxation and joy in prayer." If something distressed him, he would hasten to pray.
Zakat; alms purifies the soul from stinginess and miserliness, and accustoms people to being generous and helping the poor and needy. It will bring a great reward on the Day of Resurrection, just like other forms of worship. Alms and charity contributes in lowering the poverty level.
Fasting involves refraining from food and sex. It is a form of worship, and a way in which one can feel the hunger of those who are deprived. It is also a reminder of the blessings of the Creator, and it brings rewards beyond measure.
 Hajj; the pilgrimage to the sacred House of Allah, which was built by Ibraheem (Abraham, upon whom be peace). By performing Hajj one is obeying the command of Allah and the call to come and meet Muslims from all over the world.
Ablution which is washing many body organs before praying keeps the body clean.
73: 20. Verily, your Lord knows that you do stand (to pray at night) a little less than two-thirds of the night, or half the night, or a third of the night, and so do a party of those with you, And Allâh measures the night and the day. He knows that you are unable to pray the whole night, so He has turned to you (in mercy). So, recite you of the Qur'ân as much as may be easy for you. He knows that there will be some among you sick, others travelling through the land, seeking of Allâh's Bounty; yet others fighting in Allâh's Cause. So recite as much of the Qur'ân as may be easy (for you), and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât) and give Zakât, and lend to Allâh a goodly loan, and whatever good you send before you for yourselves, (i.e. Nawâfil non-obligatory acts of worship: prayers, charity, fasting, Hajj and 'Umrah, etc.), you will certainly find it with Allâh, better and greater in reward. And seek Forgiveness of Allâh. Verily, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful.

4- Islam transfers people from the darkness of polytheism and worship of the created, to worshipping the Only True Creator.
57: 9. It is He Who sends down manifest Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) to His slave (Muhammad) that He may bring you out from darkness into light. And verily, Allâh is to you full of kindness, Most Merciful.

5- Islam changes the lives of its subordinates by preventing them from committing sins, pre-Islamic Arabs were at the top of ignorance, backwardness and tribal conflicts, all was changed after they embraced Islam.
3: 103. And hold fast, all of you together, to the Rope of Allâh (i.e. this Qur'ân), and be not divided among yourselves, and remember Allâh's Favour on you, for you were enemies one to another but He joined your hearts together, so that, by His Grace, you became brethren (in Islâmic Faith), and you were on the brink of a pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus Allâh makes His Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.,) clear to you, that you may be guided.

6- Islam produces psychological tranquility which results in a Muslim not become too discontented if something harmful happens to him, or become arrogant if it was good.
7: 19. Verily, man (disbeliever) was created very impatient; 20. Irritable (discontented) when evil touches him; 21. And niggardly when good touches him;- 22. Except those devoted to Salât (prayers) 23. Those who remain constant in their Salât (prayers); 24. And those in whose wealth there is a known right, 25. For the beggar who asks, and for the unlucky who has lost his property and wealth, (and his means of living has been straitened); 26. And those who believe in the Day of Recompense,

7- Islam defines the nature of the relationship between people.
49: 13. O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allâh is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one of the Muttaqûn (pious)]. Verily, Allâh is All-Knowing, All-Aware.

8- Islam does not differentiate between people regardless of their colors, race or ethnicity.
30: 22. And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colors. Verily, in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge.
The Prophet of Guidance (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) told us about the signs of a person’s success: “Allah does not look at the outward appearance or wealth of any one of you, but He looks at your hearts and deeds.”



Merits of Islam in the Area of Creed

Merits of Islam in the Area of Creed

1- Islam has given thorough details of the concept of Allah "God", unlike other beliefs, which make God a tribal god or a one of three gods, it also gives thorough, and clear details of the obligations towards Him, towards self and towards fellow beings.
112: 1. Say (O Muhammad): He is Allâh, (the) One.2. Allâh-us-Samad (The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He neither eats nor drinks). 3.He begets not, nor was He begotten; 4.And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him."
29: 22. He is Allâh, than Whom there is Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen (open). He is the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. 23. He is Allâh than Whom there is Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One Free from all defects, the Giver of security, the Watcher over His creatures, the All-Mighty, the Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allâh! (High is He) above all that they associate as partners with Him. 24. He is Allâh, the Creator, the Inventor of all things, the Bestower of forms. To Him belong the Best Names . All that is in the heavens and the earth glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.

2- Islam clearly defines the goals of our existence and duties.
51:56. And I (Allâh) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).
2: 21. O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allâh),Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).

3- Islam clearly defines the results of failure in doing our duties so that we are aware of the consequences of our actions.
4: 14. And whosoever disobeys Allâh and His Messenger (Muhammad), and transgresses His limits, He will cast him into the Fire, to abide therein; and he shall have a disgraceful torment.

4- Islam is the only religion on earth through which the Creator is worshipped according to His direct instructions found in His Final Book; the Holy Qoran, unlike others who worship Him based on various human interpretations found in so-called holy books.
15: 9. Verily We: It is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e. the Qur'ân) and surely, We will guard it (from corruption) .

5- Islam is the only religion of Allah, which He ordained on humans since the creation of Adam until the Day of Judgment. Naturally, having One God requires one religion only. It makes no sense to believe in One God, and at the same time believe in a multiplicity of religions.
3: 19. Truly, the religion with Allâh is Islâm. Those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. And whoever disbelieves in the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh, then surely, Allâh is Swift in calling to account.
16:36. And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allâh (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Tâghût (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Tâghût besides Allâh). Then of them were some whom Allâh guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).
3:85.And whoever seeks a religion other than Islâm, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.

6- Islam's simplicity and clarity enables all various intellect levels of people to understand it, and subsequently embrace it without any hesitation or uncertainty.
2: 285. The Messenger (Muhammad) believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allâh, His Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say,We make no distinction between one another of His Messengers" - and they say, "We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all)."
6:151. Say (O Muhammad): Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from: Join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to your parents; kill not your children because of poverty - We provide sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawâhish (shameful sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, and kill not anyone whom Allâh has forbidden, except for a just cause (according to Islâmic law). This He has commanded you that you may understand. 152. And come not near to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear.And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the Covenant of Allâh, This He commands you, that you may remember.
17: 32. And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a Fâhishah [i.e. anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allâh forgives him).
The evidence from the Prophet's tradition is: Narrated 'Ubada bin As-Samit: I, along with a group of people, gave the pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle. He said, "I take your Pledge on the condition that you (1) will not join partners in worship with Allah, (2) will not steal, (3) will not commit illegal sexual intercourse, (4) will not kill your offspring, (5) will not slander, (6) and will not disobey me when I order you to do good. Whoever among you will abide by his pledge, his reward will be with Allah, and whoever commits any of those sins and receives the punishment in this world, that punishment will be an expiation for his sins and purification; but if Allah screens him, then it will be up to Allah to punish him if He will or excuse Him, if He will."

7- Islam requires belief in all the prophets of God and the former original revealed Books.
4: 136. O you who believe! Believe in Allâh, and His Messenger (Muhammad), and the Book (the Qur'ân) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever disbelieves in Allâh, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last Day, then indeed he has strayed far away.

8- The Prophet of Islam (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), is the only prophet whose followers took great authenticity care of even the smallest details of his biography, and recorded them in well-known sources which are considered to be the second source of Islamic legislation.

9- While the missions of the previous prophets of God were addressed to specific nations at specific times, Islam is directed to all human beings until the Last Hour.
34: 28. And We have not sent you (O Muhammad) except as a giver of glad tidings and a warner to all mankind, but most of men know not.

10- Islam acquits the prophets of the horrible misdeeds, which the Bible accuses them of committing.
38: 47. And they are with Us, verily, of the chosen and the best!

11- Islam ordains five prayers throughout the day and night, so the Muslim is in touch with his Creator at all times.
11:114. And perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), at the two ends of the day and in some hours of the night [i.e. the five compulsory Salât (prayers)]. Verily, the good deeds remove the evil deeds (i.e. small sins). That is a reminder (an advice) for the mindful (those who accept advice).

12- Ways of gaining rewards are innumerable in Islam. A Muslim is rewarded for whatever he does to draw himself closer to Allah.
99:7. So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Charity is obligatory everyday on every joint of a human being. If one helps a person in matters concerning his riding animal by helping him to ride it or by lifting his luggage on to it, all this will be regarded charity. A good word, and every step one takes to offer the compulsory Congregational prayer, is regarded as charity; and guiding somebody on the road is regarded as charity."

13- Islam encourages people to repent by leaving the door open to them to return to the Creator at any time, who assuredly will forgive all their previous sins.
39: 53.Say: "O 'Ibâdî (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allâh, verily Allâh forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
25: 70. Except those who repent and believe (in Islâmic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds, for those, Allâh will change their sins into good deeds, and Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.

14- Islam imposes Jihad on Muslims when oppressed, so that there will be no worshipping of any associates with Allah.
8:39. And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allâh) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allâh Alone [in the whole of the world ]. But if they cease (worshipping others besides Allâh), then certainly, Allâh is All-Seer of what they do.
22: 40. Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they said: "Our Lord is Allâh." For had it not been that Allâh checks one set of people by means of another, monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, wherein the Name of Allâh is mentioned much would surely have been pulled down. Verily, Allâh will help those who help His (Cause). Truly, Allâh is All-Strong, All-Mighty.
This demonstrates the wisdom of jihad; it is meant to establish the religion of Allah; monotheism/Islam, or preventing the infidels from harming the believers, and paving the way to worship Allah and apply His laws.

15- Islam prohibits adding or omitting anything to or from the Islamic teachings to preserve and maintain it as exactly as when is was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours [i.e., Islam] that is not a part of it will have it rejected.”



Friday, November 25, 2011

Merits of Islam in women's affairs

1-Islam rescued women from the oppression and injustice which was inflicted on them, such as burying female babies alive,
16: 58. And when the news of (the birth of) a female (child) is brought to any of them, his face becomes dark, and he is filled with inward grief! 59. He hides himself from the people because of the evil of that whereof he has been informed. Shall he keep her with dishonor or bury her in the earth ? Certainly, evil is their decision.

2- No other religion contains the injunctions about the prevention and restraint of the carnal desires, evil instincts and worldly pleasures and about the protection of the chastity and character of women as are found in Islam. That's why Islam ordained the veil on women to protect them from foreigners which might lead to harming them and why it forbids them of making a wanton display of themselves (tabarruj).
 33: 59. O Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers to draw their cloaks (veils) all over their bodies (i.e.screen themselves completely except the eyes or one eye to see the way). That will be better, that they should be known (as free respectable women) so as not to be annoyed. And Allâh is Ever Oft­Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Islam

3- Islam allows polygamy to solve the problem of increased number of women over men, to prevent adultery, and to keep the previous marriage for the sake of the other wife and for maintaining the interest of the children. It requires equal treatment of the wives.
4:3. And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan­girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.

4- Islam puts rules and limitations on how women and men should talk to each other. The goal is to protect women from foreign men who might abuse them.
33: 32. O wives of the Prophet! You are not like any other women. If you keep your duty (to Allâh), then be not soft in speech, lest he in whose heart is a disease (of hypocrisy, or evil desire for adultery, etc.) should be moved with desire, but speak in an honourable manner."
Although the verse is directed to the Prophet's wives, all Muslim women are included because the Prophet's wives are the mothers of the believers, and the role models for Muslim women.

5- Islam imposed a dowry for the wife to be paid by her husband as a symbol of his responsibility towards her.
4: 24. All others are lawful, provided you seek (them in marriage) with Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to his wife at the time of marriage) from your property, desiring chastity, not committing illegal sexual intercourse, so with those of whom you have enjoyed sexual relations, give them their Mahr as prescribed; but if after a Mahr is prescribed, you agree mutually (to give more), there is no sin on you. Surely, Allâh is Ever All­Knowing, All­Wise.

6- Islam imposes custodianship of men over women to relieve the burdens on women, so they have enough time and energy to take care of their family's domestic needs. This is natural, since every establishment has a main person responsible for it.
2: 228. but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.

7 -Islam assigned shares from inheritance for women, after they themselves were considered a part of their husband's inheritance. This is to guarantee an independent income, so women have their own money or property.
4: 11. Allâh commands you as regards your children's (inheritance); to the male, a portion equal to that of two females; if (there are) only daughters, two or more, their share is two thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is half. For parents, a sixth share of inheritance to each if the deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers or (sisters), the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies he may have bequeathed or debts. You know not which of them, whether your parents or your children, are nearest to you in benefit, (these fixed shares) are ordained by Allâh. And Allâh is Ever All­Knower, All­Wise.
4: 19. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honourably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allâh brings through it a great deal of good.

8- Islam considers women the other half of the human soul and requires equal treatment between spouses.
2: 228. And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable, but men have a degree (of responsibility) over them. And Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.
4:19. O you who believe! You are forbidden to inherit women against their will, and you should not treat them with harshness, that you may take away part of the Mahr you have given them, unless they commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And live with them honourably. If you dislike them, it may be that you dislike a thing and Allâh brings through it a great deal of good.
46:15. And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents. His mother bears him with hardship and she brings him forth with hardship, and the bearing of him, and the weaning of him is thirty (30) months, till when he attains full strength and reaches forty years, he says: "My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds, such as please You, and make my off-spring good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance, and truly, I am one of the Muslims (submitting to Your Will)."
A man came to Allah's Apostle Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me?" The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Your mother." The man said. "Who is next?" The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Your mother." The man further said, "Who is next?" The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Your mother." The man asked for the fourth time, "Who is next?" The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, "Your father."
Aswad said, I asked 'Ā'ishah, What did the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), do when in his house? She said, he served his wife, meaning that he did work for his wife.

9- Islam equalizes duties and rewards between genders.
33: 35 Verily, the Muslims (those who submit to Allâh in Islâm) men and women, the believers men and women (who believe in Islâmic Monotheism), the men and the women who are obedient (to Allâh), the men and women who are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are patient (in performing all the duties which Allâh has ordered and in abstaining from all that Allâh has forbidden), the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allâh), the men and the women who give Sadaqât (i.e. Zakât, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Ramadân, and the optional Nawâfil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity (from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allâh much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allâh during the five compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawâfil prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allâh has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).
3:195. So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), "Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) one of another, so those who emigrated and were driven out from their homes, and suffered harm in My Cause, and who fought, and were killed (in My Cause), verily, I will remit from them their evil deeds and admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise); a reward from Allâh, and with Allâh is the best of rewards.



Sunday, November 20, 2011

Merits of Islam in Public Rights

1- Islam prohibits encroachment on the creatures of God, whether they are humans, animals or plants.
2:190. And fight in the Way of Allâh those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allâh likes not the transgressors.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “A woman was punished because of a cat which she detained until it died of starvation, because she neither fed it, nor let it free to eat from the vermin of the earth.”  
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Whilst a dog was walking around a well, almost dying of thirst, one of the prostitutes of Bani Israa’eel saw him, took off her shoe, filled it with water and gave him the water. She was forgiven because of that.”
Muslim armies were ordered not to kill anyone who was not fighting them, like women, children, the elderly and the priests. They were ordered not to cut trees and not to fill up water wells with dirt.

2- A Muslim must be like a candle illuminating the way for the people for the straight path to be saved them from God's fire.
3: 110. You [true believers in Islâmic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma'rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islâm has forbidden), and you believe in Allâh. And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are Al-Fâsiqûn (disobedient to Allâh - and rebellious against Allâh's Command).

3- Islam calls for social cooperation and giving the rights to those who deserve them by paying alms and charity.
51: 19. And in their properties there was the right of the beggar, and the Mahrûm (the poor who does not ask the others) ,
9:60. As-Sadaqât (here it means Zakât/alms) are only for the Fuqarâ' (poor), and Al-Masâkin (the poor) and those employed to collect (the funds); and for to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islâm); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allâh's Cause (i.e. for Mujâhidûn - those fighting in the holy wars), and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allâh. And Allâh is All-Knower, All-Wise.
17:28. And if you (O Muhammad) turn away from them (kindred, poor, wayfarer, etc. whom We have ordered you to give their rights, but if you have no money at the time they ask you for it) and you are awaiting a mercy from your Lord for which you hope, then, speak unto them a soft kind word (i.e. Allâh will give me and I shall give you).

4- Islam orders compassion and charity to the poor, the needy, the relatives, the neighbors and the wayfarers.
4: 36. Worship Allâh and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masâkin (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allâh does not like such as are proud and boastful;

5- Islam imposes fasting the whole month of Ramadan to make Muslims experience the poor people's deprivation, therefore sympathize with them by giving them charity.
2:183. O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn (the pious).

6- Islam warns against taking money from the orphans, or spending it needlessly.
4: 2.And give unto orphans their property and do not exchange (your) bad things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by adding it) to your substance. Surely, this is a great sin.
6:152. "And come not near to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he (or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence, etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the Covenant of Allâh, This He commands you, that you may remember.

7- Wealth is a gift from Allah, none has the right to feel superior to others because they are wealthier than them, so Islam calls for treating the rich and the poor in the same manner.
80: 1.The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) frowned and turned away,2. Because there came to him the blind man (i.e. 'Abdullâh bin Umm-Maktûm, who came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) while he was preaching to one or some of the Quraish chiefs).3. But what could tell you that per chance he might become pure (from sins)?




Tuesday, November 15, 2011

Merits of Islam in the Area of Gatherings

1-Islam gives the same rights to both the rich and the poor in places of gatherings, including in the mosques.
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever gets up from his place then comes back to it, has more right to it.” 

2- Islam forbids sitting between two persons without asking their permission.

 3- If three persons are sitting together, two may not converse secretly to the exclusion of a third, because this is offensive.

4- Islam demands making room for newcomers in the place gatherings as a sign of respect and cooperation.
58: 11. O you who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, (spread out and) make room. Allâh will give you (ample) room (from His Mercy). And when you are told to rise up [for prayers, Jihâd (holy fighting in Allâh's Cause), or for any other good deed], rise up. Allâh will exalt in degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allâh is Well-Acquainted with what you do.

5- It is not permissible to remove a person from his place for someone else to sit in it.

6- Islam urges respect for others and sets rules for greetings.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "The younger one should offer salutation to the older one, and the one who is going along to the one who is sitting, and the smaller group to the larger group."

7- Islam requires Muslims to avoid places where a person feels he will be exposed to the temptation of looking, if he can manage to avoid them, such as going to marketplaces or malls, and sitting in the street. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:" Beware of sitting in the street.” They said, “We have no alternative; that is where we sit and talk.”  He said, “If you insist on sitting there, then give the street its rights.” They said, “What are the rights of the street?” He said, “Lowering the gaze and refraining from causing offence…”