Saturday, October 22, 2011

Merits of Islam in the area of Ethics

1- Islam calls for self-discipline and forbids a person from reacting to self urges.
29: 69. As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allâh's Religion - Islâmic Monotheism). And verily, Allâh is with the Muhsinûn (good doers)."
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), used to say: "The best of you are those who have the most excellent morals."

 2- Islam demands good treatment of parents to the degree that it is connected with monotheism.
17: 23. And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one of them or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honour. 24. And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: "My Lord! Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small."

3- Islam prohibits arrogance and looking down on others. Arrogance is one of the characteristics of Satan.
28: 76. Verily, Qârûn (Korah) was of Mûsa's (Moses) people, but he behaved arrogantly towards them. And We gave him of the treasures, that of which the keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men. When his people said to him: "Do not be glad (with ungratefulness to Allâh's Favours). Verily! Allâh likes not those who are glad (with ungratefulness to Allâh's Favours).
23: 37. And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth, nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “No one who has an atom’s-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise.” A man said, “O Messenger of Allah, what if a man likes his clothes and his shoes to look good?” He said, “Allah is Beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people.” 

4- Tattling (nameemah) is a major sin. It means telling some people what others have said about them in order to cause trouble among them.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “No person who spreads nameemah will enter Paradise.” According to another report, “No eavesdropper (qattaat)…A qattaat is someone who spreads nameemah.

5- Islam prohibits lying. One of the worst kinds of lying is to lie about dreams, like fabricating dreams and visions in order to prove one’s virtue, or make some material gains, or to frighten an enemy.
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘You must be truthful, for truthfulness leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise. A man will keep speaking the truth and striving to speak the truth until he will be recorded with Allah as a siddeeq (speaker of the truth). Beware of telling lies, for lying leads to immorality and immorality leads to Hellfire. A man will keep telling lies and striving to tell lies until he is recorded with Allah as a liar.”

6- Islam forbids baseless suspicions, because it results in distrust and bad relationships.
49: 12. O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting) . And fear Allâh. Verily, Allâh is the One Who accepts repentance, Most Merciful.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the falsest of speech. Do not eavesdrop; do not spy on one another; do not envy one another; do not forsake one another; do not hate one another. Be, O slaves of Allah, brothers.”

7- Islam encourages forgiveness and urges conciliation.
24: 22 Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allâh should forgive you? And Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
4: 114. There is no good in most of their secret talks save (in) him who orders Sadaqah (charity in Allâh's Cause), or Ma'rûf (Islâmic Monotheism and all the good and righteous deeds which Allâh has ordained), or conciliation between mankind, and he who does this, seeking the good Pleasure of Allâh, We shall give him a great reward.
3: 134. Those who spend [in Allâh's Cause - deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allâh loves Al-Muhsinûn (the good­doers).

8- Islam forbids bad language, insults, slander and backbiting.
4: 148. Allâh does not like that the evil should be uttered in public except by him who has been wronged. And Allâh is Ever All­Hearer, All­Knower.
It is not permitted to curse one's children or anyone else among the Muslims, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Trading insults with a Muslim is evildoing and fighting him is kufr (disbelief).” And he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Cursing a believer is like killing him.”
The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The believer does not slander, curse, or speak in an obscene or foul manner.”
104: 1. Woe to every slanderer and backbiter.

9- Islam encourages socializing with others, individual worshiping because it is sign of not showing off and hypocrisy.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you of that which will strengthen love between you? Spread (the greeting of) salam amongst yourselves.”

10- Islam warns against harming other Muslims.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe.”

11- Islam sets a group of acts that are for the benefit of others.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The rights of one Muslim over another are five: returning the greeting of salam, saying ‘yarhamuk Allah (may Allah have mercy on you)’ when he sneezes, accepting invitations, visiting the sick and attending funerals.”
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:“The best of companions with Allah is the one who is best to his companion, and the best of neighbors with Him is the one who is best to his neighbour.”)

12- Islam forbids mischief and destruction of properties.
2: 205. And when he turns away (from you "O Muhammad ), his effort in the land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and Allâh likes not mischief.

13- Islam forbids inflicting wrong upon others.
3: 57. And as for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) and do righteous good deeds, Allâh will pay them their reward in full. And Allâh does not like the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers).
33: 58. And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, bear on themselves the crime of slander and plain sin.
Taking another person’s property unjustly is forbidden, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him)  said: “Your blood, your property and your honour are sacred to you.” And he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “The property of a Muslim is not permissible unless he gives his consent.” 
The property that is seized by force may be real estate or it may be moveable goods, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever seizes a handspan of land unlawfully, will surround him to the depth of seven earth.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Beware of wrongdoing, for wrongdoing will be darkness on the Day of Resurrection.”
And he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said that Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, said: “O My slaves, I have forbidden wrongdoing to Myself and I have made it haraam among you, so do not wrong one another.”

14- Islam forbids deceit.
4: 107. And argue not on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Verily, Allâh does not like anyone who is a betrayer of his trust, and indulges in crime.

15- Islam demands fulfilling treaties even with the enemy.
9: 4. Except those of the Mushrikûn with whom you have a treaty, and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor have supported anyone against you. So fulfill their treaty to them to the end of their term. Surely Allâh loves Al- Muttaqûn (the pious).
3: 76. Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allâh much; verily, then Allâh loves those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious - see V.2:2).

16- Islam encourages patience.
3: 146. And many a Prophet (i.e. many from amongst the Prophets) fought (in Allâh's Cause) and along with him (fought) large bands of religious learned men. But they never lost heart for that which did befall them in Allâh's Way, nor did they weaken nor degrade themselves. And Allâh loves As-Sâbirin (the patient ones, etc.).
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said;" Whoever controls his anger at the time when he has the means to act upon it, Allah will fill his heart with contentment on the Day of Resurrection."
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:" The strong man is not the one who can overpower others (in wrestling); rather, the strong man is the one who controls himself when he gets angry.

17- Islam calls for consultation and trusting Allah before acting.
3: 159. and consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allâh, certainly, Allâh loves those who put their trust (in Him).

18- Islam demands justice.
5: 42. (They like to) listen to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So if they come to you (O Muhammad), either judge between them, or turn away from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the least. And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allâh loves those who act justly. 

19 - Islam calls for removing harmful items from the roads and sidewalks.
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said “Faith has seventy-odd branches, the highest of which is saying Laa Ilaha ill-Allah (there is go god except Allah) and the least of which is removing a harmful thing from the road.”



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